History of the office
The Scotland Act 1998 requires the First Minister to be a Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) – appointed by the Monarch following a vote by fellow MSPs to nominate the individual.
2014 – Present
Following devolution in 1999 powers held by the UK Government transferred to the Scottish Parliament and to Scottish Ministers. Scottish Ministers are responsible for key policy areas in Scotland including education, justice, health, aspects of the economy and social justice.
Bute House also transferred from the office of Scottish Secretary to the office of the First Minister as the office-holder’s official residence in Edinburgh.