The office of First Minister of Scotland was created in 1999 when the Scottish Parliament was reconvened following a referendum in support of devolution in 1997.

This section is an educational resource on the Office of the First Minister, including the responsibilities of the role, and former First Ministers.

Former First Ministers

History of the office

Scotland has had First Ministers since 1999, find out more here...

Appointment and Role

Read more about the responsibilities of the First Minister's role and the work of the Scottish Cabinet...
First Minister official potrait

First Minister's Biography

Read about the First Minister's background and experience as the first female First Minister and female leader of the devolved UK administrations...

Bute House

Find out more about Bute House in Charlotte Square in Edinburgh’s New Town, the First Minister’s official residence while working in the capital.
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